Next week Israel celebrates the Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Booths (Sukkot) we seek to understand the prophetic significance of this feast and application in our lives. Among the three major parties led by God, the Feast of Tabernacles is the most prophetic significance for us Christians.
"For the cloud of the Lord was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel in all their journeys" (Exodus 40:38).
This cloud of Glory sent by God upon the camp of the Hebrews covered them as a (Sukkah), whose name means hut.
While the Hebrews walked in close fellowship with God the cloud accompanied them, but when they sinned the cloud withdrew.
This happened during the Hebrews exit of Egypt`s land to the Promised Land.
Earlier the presence of God manifested through the glory of clouds that accompanied the chosen people and so, the sun does not molest and the desert heat was placated.
But the sin of idolatry, acquired in the nation of many gods, where they were slaves for over four hundred years, led them to build a golden calf, during the absence of the leader Moses who climbed the mountain to be with the Lord.
That departed from the holy presence of God who does not condone sin, hence the clouds dissipated.
Moses as leader and intercessor of excellence, went up the mountain for three times. When going down for the third time, on Yom Kippur, Moses brought Israel, the order to erect the Tabernacle, as a proof that God had reconciled with the people and from then would inhabit among them.
Thus, each brought their contribution, an offer of atonement for the sin they had committed, and craftsmen could begin to erect the Tabernacle. The Lord accepted the offer and, by their infinite mercies that are our support until today and the cause of not being consumed, brought back the cloud, protection, presence.
The Feast of Tabernacles
The word "tabernacle" originates from the Latin word "tabernaculum" which means "a hut, a temporary shelter." In the original Hebrew word is the equivalent Sukkah, whose plural is Sukkot.
The Feast of Tabernacles lasts a week and during this period lived in tents built with branches.
The Feast of Tabernacle or Feast of huts, Israel who is celebrating today, celebrates the glory of clouds returned after forgiveness, Yom Kippur - and remained with them during the forty years of stay in the desert.
Prophetic act of the whole nation
But an act of faith was required: each child of promise would have to pitch their tents and stay with him in "sukkah" (tent-cabin), under the protective shadow of his faith.
As God came down from heaven to inhabit among His people, the people also left their homes to live in huts. 7 days living in huts, in this place they celebrate the return of the glory cloud. Remember who left Egypt and lacked nothing. The Cloud was protecting, providing and leading the people. Israel left Egypt under the Glory cloud.
The four species of plants (of the people Unit)
"And they found written in the law which the LORD commanded by Moses, that the children of Israel inhabit in huts in the feast of the seventh month.
Just published, and made a proclamation throughout all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth to the mountain, and bring olive branches, and branches of wild olive, and branches of myrtle, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make huts, as it is written. " Nehemiah 8: 14-15.
The four species of plants
Lulav (date palm).
It reminds us of the four man of maturity levels.
Are contained in the party command, and according to what we see also written in the book of Nehemiah served to cover the sukkah, however, the Jewish sages have come to identify and add other meanings, linking them to different types of human personalities that comprise community. From this emerged the "Netilat Lulav", a beam formed with the four species that are due to hold together and recite the blessing, which comes to express the need for unity and solidarity among the different people without distinction. But biblically speaking, the essential point to the commandment of compliance is the inhabiting in the sukkah (hut).
On the seventh day, called "Hoshana Rabbah" which means "The Great Salvation," the priests surrounded the altar seven times, reciting Psalm 118.
During the seven days of Sukkot, the great sacrificial altar received a greater number sacrifice than any other party: 70 bulls, 14 sheep, 98 lambs and goats 7 (Numbers 29.12-34).
From 70 steers the Talmud teaches that "the seventy nations of the world are represented in Israel's atonement offerings."
Intimacy in the cabin, the 8th day.
"A king once held a big party and invited princes and princesses who enjoyed much his palace. Having spent several days together, the guests prepared to leave. And the king said, "I beg you, stay a day with me, it's hard to get away from you!"
After seven days living the feast of tabernacles We spent many happy days in the synagogue. God wants to see us another day in the synagogue, and so He gives us an additional party - Shemini Atzeret.
Sukkot is the Harvest Festival when production fields was harvested and the tithe was separated, according to the commandment of the Torah, and given to the Levites and the poor. The Torah reading on Shemini Atzeret morning service to speak of the commandment to give the tithe.
The Mussaf service, Additional Prayer, is marked by special prayers in order that there have rain.
Party of Water
In some places, including Israel, is celebrated on the nights of the intermediate days of Sukkot "Festival of Water" (Simchat Bet HaShoeva), which is a popular festival of great joy. Dates back to the Second Temple times, when there was the participation of broad masses of the people who filled Jerusalem in the great pilgrimage party. This name ("shoevá" means to draw water from the source) should you ceremony that took a lot of water, which was thrown on the altar. Hundreds of Chandeliers that burned on the Temple Mount illuminated the city of Jerusalem. Musicians and choirs of Levites, posted in the fifteen steps of the Shrine, reinforced by thousands of people voices, played and sang the praises of God, while the sages and leaders of the people danced with great joy.
Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles
During the feast, he gave teachings and suffered hard opposition from the Pharisees. It was then that they had called who was thirsty to come to Him and drink (John 7:37). This may have been a reference to the water poured on the altar during the Feast.
In the last and most important day of the feast, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice: "If anyone is thirsty come to me and drink. Who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water." John 7: 37,38.
Praying for Rain
A particular aspect of "Shemini Atzeret" is the prayer for rain. In prayers is introduced the phrase that will be recited until Pessah, "meshiv ha-ha-rua'h u MORID gueshem" (which makes the wind blow and the rain fall). This phrase expresses the anxiety that sits on Israel during the rainy season, since their absence means hunger, thirst and disease. This prayer is left to the
last day of the feast, because if the Lord send rain after prayer it will not prevent the people to enjoy the seven days of inhabiting in the sukkah.
So we understand better the following account of the Messiah Jesus:
"And in the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood on his feet, and cried, saying, If any man are thirst, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water flow from within him. But this spake he of the Holy Spirit, which would receive who believed in him; because the Holy Spirit was not yet given, because Jesus had not yet been glorified. " John 7: 37-39
"In that day there will be a fountain opened on David`s house, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for purification of sin and uncleanness." "Zechariah 13: 1
"And in that, all that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem, shall go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. And it shall be, if any of the families of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, will not come upon it rain. " Zechariah 14: 16-17.
Prophecy that all families will rise to ISRAEL (Prophetic Act).
Announcement of the verdict
1 on Rosh Hashanah - FLAME GOD FOR JUDGEMENT.
2 on Yom Kippur - GOD HEARS THE VOICES AND SEALS JUDGEMENT.
3 IN Tabernacles - GOD SPEAKS THE VERDICT OF JUDGEMENT.
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